Colombia

Motto: Liberty and Order • Official name: República de Colombia (short form: Colombia)
Official language: Spanish • Capital: Bogotá • Head of state: president Juan Manuel Santos Calderón
Prime Minister: president serves both as head of state and head of government
Total area: 1,138,910 km2 • Population: 45,600,000 • Date of establishment: independence declared on 20 July 1810 and recognized by Spain on 7 August 1819 • Currency: Peso • Dialing code: +57